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General Data > Symbols, Risk and Safety Phrases

The following are symbols, abbreviations, risk and safety phrases as compiled by the Health and Safety Executive (HSE).

More information about CHIP can be found here: http://www.hse.gov.uk/chip/information.htm

Physicochemical

Symbol Abbreviation Hazard Description of hazard
(Physicochemical)
E explosive Chemicals that explode.
O oxidising Chemicals that react exothermically with other chemicals.
F+ extremely flammable Chemicals that have an extremely low flash point and boiling point, and gases that catch fire in contact with air.
F highly flammable Chemicals that may catch fire in contact with air, only need brief contact with an ignition source, have a very low flash point or evolve highly flammable gases in contact with water.
(Health)
T+ very toxic Chemicals that at very low levels cause damage to health.
T toxic Chemicals that at low levels cause damage to health.
Carc Cat 1 category 1 carcinogens Chemicals that may cause cancer or increase its incidence.
Carc Cat 2 category 2 carcinogens
Carc Cat 3 category 3 carcinogens
Muta Cat 1 category 1 mutagens Chemicals that induce heritable genetic defects or increase their incidence.
Muta Cat 2 category 2 mutagens
Muta Cat 3 category 3 mutagens
Repr Cat 1 category 1 reproductive toxins Chemicals that produce or increase the incidence of non-heritable effects in progeny and/or an impairment in reproductive functions or capacity.
Repr Cat 2 category 2 reproductive toxins
Repr Cat 3 category 3 reproductive toxins
Xn harmful Chemicals that may cause damage to health.
C corrosive Chemicals that may destroy living tissue on contact.
Xi irritant Chemicals that may cause inflammation to the skin or other mucous membranes.
(Environmental)
N dangerous for the environment Chemicals that may present an immediate or delayed danger to one or more components of the environment

Risk Phrases


R1 Explosive when dry
R2 Risk of explosion by shock, friction, fire or other sources of ignition
R3 Extreme risk of explosion by shock, friction, fire or other sources of ignition
R4 Forms very sensitive explosive metallic compounds
R5 Heating may cause an explosion
R6 Explosive with or without contact with air
R7 May cause fire
R8 Contact with combustible material may cause fire
R9 Explosive when mixed with combustible material
R10 Flammable
R11 Highly flammable
R12 Extremely flammable
R14 Reacts violently with water
R14/15 Reacts violently with water, liberating extremely flammable gases
R15 Contact with water liberates extremely flammable gases
R15/29 Contact with water liberates toxic, extremely flammable gases
R16 Explosive when mixed with oxidising substances
R17 Spontaneously flammable in air
R18 In use, may form flammable/explosive vapour-air mixture
R19 May form explosive peroxides
R20 Harmful by inhalation
R20/21 Harmful by inhalation and in contact with skin
R20/21/22 Harmful by inhalation, in contact with skin and if swallowed
R20/22 Harmful by inhalation and if swallowed
R21 Harmful in contact with skin
R21/22 Harmful in contact with skin and if swallowed
R22 Harmful if swallowed
R23 Toxic by inhalation
R23/24 Toxic by inhalation and in contact with skin
R23/24/25 Toxic by inhalation, in contact with skin and if swallowed
R23/25 Toxic by inhalation and if swallowed
R24 Toxic in contact with skin
R24/25 Toxic in contact with skin and if swallowed
R25 Toxic if swallowed
R26 Very toxic by inhalation
R26/27 Very toxic by inhalation and in contact with skin
R26/27/28 Very toxic by inhalation, in contact with skin and if swallowed
R26/28 Very toxic by inhalation and if swallowed
R27 Very toxic in contact with skin
R27/28 Very toxic in contact with skin and if swallowed
R28 Very toxic if swallowed
R29 Contact with water liberates toxic gas
R30 Can become highly flammable in use
R31 Contact with acids liberates toxic gas
R32 Contact with acids liberates very toxic gas
R33 Danger of cumulative effects
R34 Causes burns
R35 Causes severe burns
R36 Irritating to eyes
R36/37 Irritating to eyes and respiratory system
R36/37/38 Irritating to eyes, respiratory system and skin
R36/38 Irritating to eyes and skin
R37 Irritating to respiratory system
R37/38 Irritating to respiratory system and skin
R38 Irritating to skin
R39 Danger of very serious irreversible effects
R39/23 Toxic: danger of very serious irreversible effects through inhalation
R39/23/24 Toxic: danger of very serious irreversible effects through inhalation and in contact with skin
R39/23/24/25 Toxic: danger of very serious irreversible effects through inhalation, in contact with skin and if swallowed
R39/23/25 Toxic: danger of very serious irreversible effects through inhalation and if swallowed
R39/24 Toxic: danger of very serious irreversible effects in contact with skin
R39/24/25 Toxic: danger of very serious irreversible effects in contact with skin and if swallowed
R39/25 Toxic: danger of very serious irreversible effects if swallowed
R39/26 Very Toxic: danger of very serious irreversible effects through inhalation
R39/26/27 Very Toxic: danger of very serious irreversible effects through inhalation and in contact with skin
R39/26/27/28 Very Toxic: danger of very serious irreversible effects through inhalation, in contact with skin and if swallowed
R39/26/28 Very Toxic: danger of very serious irreversible effects through inhalation and if swallowed
R39/27 Very Toxic: danger of very serious irreversible effects in contact with skin
R39/27/28 Very Toxic: danger of very serious irreversible effects in contact with skin and if swallowed
R39/28 Very Toxic: danger of very serious irreversible effects if swallowed
R40 Limited evidence of a carcinogenic effect
R41 Risk of serious damage to eyes
R42 May cause sensitisation by inhalation
R43 May cause sensitisation by skin contact
R42/43 May cause sensitisation by inhalation and skin contact
R44 Risk of explosion if heated under confinement
R45 May cause cancer
R46 May cause heritable genetic damage
R48 Danger of serious damage to health by prolonged exposure
R48/20 Harmful: danger of serious damage to health by prolonged exposure through inhalation
R48/20/21 Harmful: danger of serious damage to health by prolonged exposure through inhalation and in contact with skin
R48/20/21/22 Harmful: danger of serious damage to health by prolonged exposure through inhalation, in contact with skin and if swallowed
R48/20/22 Harmful: danger of serious damage to health by prolonged exposure through inhalation and if swallowed
R48/21 Harmful: danger of serious damage to health by prolonged exposure in contact with skin
R48/21/22 Harmful: danger of serious damage to health by prolonged exposure in contact with skin and if swallowed
R48/22 Harmful: danger of serious damage to health by prolonged exposure if swallowed
R48/23 Toxic: danger of serious damage to health by prolonged exposure through inhalation
R48/23/24 Toxic: danger of serious damage to health by prolonged exposure through inhalation and in contact with skin
R48/23/24/25 Toxic: danger of serious damage to health by prolonged exposure through inhalation, in contact with skin and if swallowed
R48/23/25 Toxic: danger of serious damage to health by prolonged exposure through inhalation and if swallowed
R48/24 Toxic: danger of serious damage to health by prolonged exposure in contact with skin
R48/24/25 Toxic: danger of serious damage to health by prolonged exposure  in contact with skin and if swallowed
R48/25 Toxic: danger of serious damage to health by prolonged exposure  if swallowed
R49 May cause cancer by inhalation
R50 Very toxic to aquatic organisms
R50/53 Very toxic to aquatic organisms, may cause long-term adverse effects in the aquatic environment
R51 Toxic to aquatic organisms
R51/53 Toxic to aquatic organisms, may cause long-term adverse effects in the aquatic environment
R52 Harmful to aquatic organisms
R52/53 Harmful to aquatic organisms, may cause long-term adverse effects in the aquatic environment
R53 May cause long-term adverse effects in the aquatic environment
R54 Toxic to flora
R55 Toxic to fauna
R56 Toxic to soil organisms
R57 Toxic to bees
R58 May cause long-term adverse effects in the environment
R59 Dangerous for the ozone layer
R60 May impair fertility
R61 May cause harm to the unborn child
R62 Possible risk of impaired fertility
R63 Possible risk of harm to the unborn child
R64 May cause harm to breast-fed babies
R65 Harmful: may cause lung damage if swallowed
R66 Repeated exposure may cause skin dryness or cracking
R67 Vapours may cause drowsiness and dizziness
R68 Possible risk of irreversible effects
R68/20 Harmful: possible risk of irreversible effects through inhalation
R68/20/21 Harmful: possible risk of irreversible effects through inhalation and in contact with skin
R68/20/21/22 Harmful: possible risk of irreversible effects through inhalation, in contact with skin and if swallowed
R68/20/22 Harmful: possible risk of irreversible effects through inhalation and if swallowed
R68/21 Harmful: possible risk of irreversible effects in contact with skin
R68/21/22 Harmful: possible risk of irreversible effects in contact with skin and if swallowed
R68/22 Harmful: possible risk of irreversible effects if swallowed

Safety Phrases

S1 Keep locked up
S(1/2) Keep locked up and out of the reach of children
S2 Keep out of the reach of children
S3 Keep in a cool place
S3/7 Keep container tightly closed in a cool place
S3/7/9 Keep container tightly closed in a cool, well-ventilated place
S3/9/14 Keep in a cool, well-ventilated place away from ... (incompatible materials to be indicated by the manufacturer)
S3/9/14/49 Keep only in the original container in a cool, well-ventilated place away from ... (incompatible materials to be indicated by the manufacturer)
S3/9/49 Keep only in the original container in a cool, well-ventilated place
S3/14 Keep in a cool place away from ... (incompatible materials to be indicated by the manufacturer)
S4 Keep away from living quarters
S5 Keep contents under ... (appropriate liquid to be specified by the manufacturer)
S6 Keep under ... (inert gas to be specified by the manufacturer)
S7 Keep container tightly closed
S7/8 Keep container tightly closed and dry
S7/9 Keep container tightly closed and in a well-ventilated place
S7/47 Keep container tightly closed and at temperature not exceeding ... O C (to be specified by the manufacturer)
S8 Keep container dry
S9 Keep container in a well-ventilated place
S12 Do not keep the container sealed
S13 Keep away from food, drink and animal feeding stuffs
S14 Keep away from ... (incompatible materials to be indicated by the manufacturer)
S15 Keep away from heat
S16 Keep away from sources of ignition - No smoking
S17 Keep away from combustible material
S18 Handle and open container with care
S20 When using do not eat or drink
S20/21 When using do not eat, drink or smoke
S21 When using do not smoke
S22