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Earth and Space > Earth Statistics

The table below contains statistical information about The Earth including orbital properties and physical measurements. The lower table shows the depth of specific layers of the internal structure of Earth.

Aphelion 152,097,701 km
(1.016 710 333 5 AU)
Perihelion 147,098,074 km
(0.983 289 891 2 AU)
Semi-major axis 149,597,887.5 km
(1.000 000 112 4 AU)
Semi-minor axis 149,576,999.826 km
(0.999 860 486 9 AU)
Orbital circumference 924,375,700 km
( 6.179 069 900 7 AU)
Orbital eccentricity 0.016 710 219
Sidereal orbit period 365.256 366 d
(1.000 017 5 a)
Synodic period n/a
Max. orbital speed 30.287 km/s
(109,033 km/h)
Average orbital speed 29.783 km/s
(107,218 km/h)
Min. orbital speed 29.291 km/s
(105,448 km/h)
Orbital inclination to ecliptic 0
(7.25° to Sun's equator)
Longitude of the ascending node 348.739 36°
Argument of the perihelion 114.207 83°
Satellites 1 (the Moon)
(see also 3753 Cruithne)
Aspect Ratio 0.996 647 1
Ellipticity 0.003 352 9
Equatorial radius 6,378.137 km
Polar radius 6,356.752 km
Mean radius 6,372.797 km
Equatorial circumference 40,075.02 km
Meridional circumference 40,007.86 km
Mean circumference 40,041.47 km
Surface area 510,065,600 km²
Land area 148,939,100 km² (29.2 %)
Water area 361,126,400 km² (70.8 %)
Volume 1.083 207 3×1012 km³
Mass 5.9742×1024 kg
Density 5,515.3 kg/m³
Equatorial surface gravity 9.780 1 m/s²
(0.997 32 g)
Escape velocity 11.186 km/s
Sidereal rotation period 0.997 258 d (23.934 h)
Rotational velocity at equator 465.11 m/s
Axial tilt 23.439 281°
Right ascension of North pole 0° (0 h 0 min 0 s)
Declination +90°
Surface temperature 185 K (-88.3 °C) min
287 K (14 °C) mean
331 K (57.7 °C) max
Surface pressure 101.3 kPa ( MSL)