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Earth and Space > Composition of the Sun

The table below shows the elements thought to make up the body of the sun. The calculations were made using spectral measurements, overall around 67 elements were present in the viewed solar spectrum, the most common listed here.

Element Abundance
(percentage of total
number of atoms)
Abundance
(percentage of total
mass)
Hydrogen 91.2 71.0
Helium 8.7 27.1
Oxygen 0.078 0.97
Carbon 0.043 0.40
Nitrogen 0.0088 0.096
Silicon 0.0045 0.099
Magnesium 0.0038 0.076
Neon 0.0035 0.058
Iron 0.0030 0.14
Sulfur 0.0015 0.040