You are here:
> Plant Cells
Suppliers & Services
Labels & Signs
Apps & Utilities
Earth and Space
Working with Hand Tools (from Stanley)
Glossary of Terms
Biology > Plant Cells
In this section there are two diagrams, one is simple in its construction and may be appropriate for secondary schools (GCSE/KS3-4) whereas the more detailed diagram contains more organelles and may be more suitable for AS/A level and other vocational sciences.
Remember you are free to copy any of these diagrams for use in your school and/or Virtual Learning Environment (VLE) Scroll down to the bottom of this page for the diagrams.
, plant cells are full of organelles, each of which perform a specific function within the cell. The main organelles are listed below with their functions.
Plants have a
wall surrounding the plasma membrane which strengthens the cell and is made of tough cellulose.
Photosynthesis takes place within the
of the cell, they contain the chlorophyll to trap light and make the process work.
The endoplasmic reticulum (ER)
is a network of sacs which makes and sends chemical compounds around the cell.
are sturdy protein rods that are mainly structural in function.
modifies proteins and fats made by the ER and prepares them for other uses.
are hollow cylinders found within the cytoplasm and have a range of uses including transportation and structural properties.
break down sugar and carbohydrate molecules to provide energy for the plant, especially when there is no light available to produce energy.
contains the DNA and co-ordinates cell growth, reproduction, protein synthesis and metabolism.
All plants have a fixed
which is filled with a liquid called cell sap. It performs a structural role and also helps with plant growth.
are tubes which connect plant cells to each other.
are organelles containing RNA and protein.
contain a variety of enzymes, which function together to rid the cell of toxic substances.
The table below shows the main differences between plant and animal cells.
Tough cellulose cell walls
No cell wall
Nucleus to one side of cell
Large permanent vacuole
Some have small vacuoles
Simple plant cell
Plant cell with organelles