|Methyl (wood alcohol,
|By destructive distillation of wood. Also by synthesis from hydrogen and carbon monoxide under high pressure.
||Solvent for fats, oils, resins, nitrocellulose. Manufacture of dyes, formaldehyde, antifreeze solutions, special fuels, plastics.
|Ethyl (grain alcohol,
|By fermentation of sugar, starch, or waste sulfite liquor. Synthesis from ethylene or acetylene. Direct hydration of ethylene.
||Solvent for products such as lacquers, paints, varnishes, glues, pharmaceuticals, explosives. Also as 'building block' in making high-molecular-weight chemicals.
||By hydration of propylene from cracked gases. Also as by-product of certain fermentation processes.
||Solvent for oils, gums, alkaloids, resins. Making acetone, soap, antiseptic solutions.
||As a co-product of air oxidation of propane and butane mixtures.
||Solvent for lacquers, resins, coatings, films, waxes. Also as brake fluid, in manufacture of propionic acid, plasticizers.
||By fermentation of starch or sugar. Also by synthesis, using ethyl alcohol or acetylene.
||Solvent for nitrocellulose, ethyl cellulose, lacquer, urea-formaldehyde, urea-melamine plastics. Diluent of hydraulic fluids, extractant of drugs.
||By synthesis from carbon monoxide and hydrogen at high pressure, then distillation from products formed.
||Solvent for castor-oil-base brake fluids. Substitute for n-butyl alcohol in making urea resins.
||By hydration of 1-butane, formed in petroleum cracking.
||In making other chemicals such as methyl ethyl ketone. Solvent in nitrocellulose lacquers. Production of brake fluids, special greases.
||By hydration of isobutylene, derived from petroleum cracking.
||In perfume making. As wetting agent in detergents. Solvent for drugs and cleaning compounds.
||By fractional distillation of fusel oil, a co-product of ethyl alcohol manufacture by fermentation.
||Solvent for many natural and synthetic resins. Diluting brake fluids, printing inks, lacquers. In medicinal products.
||By oxidation of ethylene to glycol. Also by hydrogenation of methyl glycolate made from formaldehyde and methanol.
||Deicing fluid, antifreeze, brake fluid. In production of explosives. Solvent for stains, oils, resins, enamels, inks, dyes.
||As co-product in manufacture of ethylene glycol.
||Solvent for dyes, resins. Anti-leak agent. In gas drying. Softening agent in adhesive printing inks.
||Co-product in manufacture of ethylene glycol.
||Air disinfectant and dehumidifier. Production of resins, plasticizers.
1-, 2-, 3-propanetriol)
|From treatment of fats in soap making. Synthetically, from propylene. By fermentation.
||In alkyd resins, explosives, cellophane. Tobacco humectant.
||By condensation of acetaldehyde and formaldehyde.
||In synthetic resins. As tetranitrate in explosives. Also as drug for treatment of heart disease.
||By reduction of sugar, usually corn sugar, with hydrogen.
||In foods, pharmaceuticals, in chemical manufacture. Conditioning agent in paper, textiles, glue, cosmetics. Source of alcohol in resin manufacture.
||By catalytic hydrogenation of phenol. By catalytic air oxidation of cyclohexane.
||Intermediate in making chemicals used in nylon manufacture. Stabilizer and homogenizer of soaps, synthetic detergents. Solvent.
||By synthesis from benzene and ethylene oxide.
||Principally in perfumes.