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Chemistry > Acids and Bases Formulae

The table below list the names and formulas of some of the most common acids and bases.

Acid Formula Base Formula
Hydrofluoric Acid HF Sodium Hydroxide NaOH
Hydrochloric Acid HCl Potassium Hydroxide KOH
Hydrobromic Acid HBr Ammonium Hydroxide NH4OH
Hydroiodic Acid HI Calcium Hydroxide Ca(OH)2
Hydrosulfuric Acid H2S Magnesium Hydroxide Mg(OH)2
Nitric Acid HNO3 Barium Hydroxide Ba(OH)2
Nitrous Acid HNO2 Aluminum Hydroxide Al(OH)3
Hypochlorous Acid HClO Ferrous Hydroxide or Iron (II) Hydroxide Fe(OH)2
Chlorous Acid HClO2 Ferric Hydroxide
or Iron (III) Hydroxide
Fe(OH)3
Chloric Acid HClO3 Zinc Hydroxide Zn(OH)2
Perchloric Acid HClO4 Lithium Hydroxide LiOH
Sulfuric Acid H2SO4    
Sulfurous Acid H2SO3    
Phosphoric Acid H3PO4    
Phosphorous Acid H3PO3    
Carbonic Acid H2CO3    
Acetic Acid HC2H3O2    
Oxalic Acid H2C2O4    
Boric Acid H3BO3    
Silicic Acid H2SiO3